5. [Dutch or French school]
Follower of BOSCH, Hieronymus
Drawing, pen and brown ink, 15 x 20 cm, laid paper with watermark (intertwined double C; similar to Heawood 2893), unsigned (vertical folding crease at left, old glue marks on verso upper corners).
A wine barrel with turkey's head on a sledge is pulled by a monstrous-looking man, while a monster with an elephant sits on top. A third bird-like creature escorts this parade of folly with a roasted chicken in its left paw. The scene can be interpreted as a moralising and satirical comment on gluttony and drunkenness. The iconography of this scene is clearly inspired by the fantastical inventions by Hieronymus Bosch (ca. 1450-1516). The Dutch painter enjoyed great popularity during most of the sixteenth century and many artists such as Pieter Huys (ca. 1519-1586), Jan Mandijn (ca. 1500-1560), and most famously Pieter Bruegel the Elder had found a lucrative market in the continuation of this popular typology. The present drawing borrows elements from other drawings attributed to Bosch. A wine barrel used as a sledge can also be found in a model drawing of Witches, now in the Louvre (inv. 19721). The headwear of the man on the right recalls that of a figure in a drawing of a soldier in Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (MB 1402 recto). Despite these similarities, the rendering of the figures in this sheet is more rigid and lacks the spontaneity which can be seen in the attributed work of Bosch and his immediate workshop. The draftsman shows an awareness of the French Boschian compositions by Bernard Salomon, illustrating Rabelais', "Les Songes drôlatiques de Pantagruel", printed in Lyon (1557).
Ref. L. Silver, "Second Bosch. Family Resemblance and the Marketing of Art", in: Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek 50 (1999), pp. 30-56. - D. Van Heesch, "Hieronymus Bosch, the Antwerp Sketchbook, and the transfer of Images from Pen to Print", Master Drawings 57 (2019), pp. 291-314. - F. Koreny, "Hieronymus Bosch. Die Zeichnungen Werkstatt und Nachfolge bis zum Ende des 16. Jahrhunderts", Turnhout 2012.
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